Installing Jenkins on Kubernetes can be done in different ways. You can use Jenkins official helm chart or directly create resources in Kubernetes. Many times we need only Jenkins without much of the configuration. Let's see how we can install Jenkins on Kubernetes with minimal resources and configuration.
Create Persistent Volume for storage
For storing Jenkins Jobs, configuration files and Jenkins home we need persistent volume so even if pod crashes or restarts we have persisted data. For creating persistent volume we need to create PersistentVolumeClaim which will make sure to allocate said amount of storage.
More on PersistentVolumeClaim
- Modify storageClassName as per your cluster (you can find it in CRDs)
- Modify spec.resources.requests.storage according to your needs minimum required storage is 1Gi
Create Service Account for Jenkins
For accessing different resources of the cluster we need to have separate service account for Jenkins pod.
More on ServiceAccount
ClusterRole is required to create new cluster role and assign permissions to the same. If you require to spawn Jenkins jobs on Kubernetes cluster then you need to have ClusterRole with below permissions otherwise you can minimize resources access in ClusterRole.
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1 kind: ClusterRole metadata: annotations: rbac.authorization.kubernetes.io/autoupdate: "true" labels: kubernetes.io/bootstrapping: rbac-defaults name: jenkins rules: - apiGroups: - '*' resources: - statefulsets - services - replicationcontrollers - replicasets - podtemplates - podsecuritypolicies - pods - pods/log - pods/exec - podpreset - poddisruptionbudget - persistentvolumes - persistentvolumeclaims - jobs - endpoints - deployments - deployments/scale - daemonsets - cronjobs - configmaps - namespaces - events - secrets verbs: - create - get - watch - delete - list - patch - update - apiGroups: - "" resources: - nodes verbs: - get - list - watch - update
ClusterRoleBinding will bind ClusterRole to created ServiceAccount which will eventually be used while running Jenkins pod.
Pod => ServiceAccount => ClusterRoleBinding => ClusterRole
Create Jenkins deployment
Deployment is used to run Jenkins pod using all previously created resources like ServiceAccount, PersistentVolume, ClusterRole and ClusterRoleBinding.
More on Deployment
- You can modify image to official image from Jenkins
- We need two ports one for Jenkins UI and other for JNLP agent connector (which will be used to communicate with running node)
Create Jenkins Service
We need networking interface i.e. Service which will eventually connect to underlying Jenkins pod on specified port.
More on Service
- Please note that we need NodePort service as JNLP connection to agent/node cannot be done over HTTP protocol so ingress will not work in case of JNLP.
- You can create Ingress for Jenkins UI separately and also if your cluster networking solution provides reverse proxy then you can create ingress for JNLP as well.
You can find complete resource file to create Jenkins Deployment and all dependent resources here.